Leopard Gecko Housing Maintenance

It’s important that your leopard gecko housing is always healthy for your gecko to live in and is regularly cleaned and maintained. In order for you to assure this, there are several key things that you must watch out for and certain steps you can take to ensure that the tank remains a healthy home for your pet.


No leopard gecko housing is ever going to be beneficial for your pet unless it contains fresh, clean water at all times. The main problems that occur within a water bowl are dead insects, bacteria and/or waste.

Live insects, especially crickets, are a great and nutritious food source for your gecko; however, if your gecko doesn’t eat them quick enough, they hover around and can drown in the water. This can then contaminate the water which makes it dangerous for your leopard gecko to drink so it’s vital that you regularly check for dead insects in the bowl and remove any you find accordingly.

Following on, if you don’t change the water frequently enough bacteria can thrive in the bowl. This can make the water unhealthy for your gecko as it will ingest the bacteria whenever it drinks, which can lead to sickness and death.

Finally, a somewhat common problem that you may encounter with the water in your leopard gecko housing is your gecko identifying its water bowl as a toilet. Obviously, your gecko using its water source as a toilet will make it unsafe to drink. You will have to change its water very frequently should this occur until your gecko recognizes it as a source of drink water instead.

As a last quick tip, I want to recommend that whatever it is you use for a water bowl is difficult for your gecko to knock over. Leopard geckos have a habit of spilling water or knocking the bowl over which can ruin the dry habitat that they enjoy living in, so try to eliminate this possibility by using a sturdy water bowl or locking it down to the tank somehow.


Geckos need access to fresh food every couple of days (hatchlings and breeding females require daily access) so you should provide this consistently.

Knowing how much your leopard gecko will eat and providing the correct amount is important to ensuring a healthy and happy life for your lizard. Aside from obesity, overfeeding your lizard can lead to various problems in your leopard gecko housing.

The most common problems you’re likely to find are live insects dropping waste in the cage, drowning in the water or simply annoying your leopard gecko. Insects such as crickets will nibble on your gecko if left unattended or uneaten in the tank for too long which can be a great source of irritation for your pet. Learning how much your gecko can eat and removing any live insects and/or waste products is important when managing your leopard gecko housing.

Whilst dusting or gut loading are effective ways of ensuring your leopard geckos receives the nutrients it needs, I’d also recommend putting a bowl of calcium powder in there as well as the gecko will lick this powder up which ensures it has the nutrients it needs to thrive.

Whilst mealworms are generally a safe option as they can remain in the tank even hen alive, there is a small risk of them escaping the bowl and burrowing into the substrate, depending on what flooring you use, so you need to watch out for that also.

Heat and Light

In order for your leopard gecko housing to be suitable for your gecko to live in, it’s important that you maintain consistent levels of heat and light. Remember one side of the tank should always be warmer than the other so your gecko can warm up or cool down whenever it sees fit. Ito monitor this, I recommend that you invest in a thermometer or thermostat as this will allow you to monitor and adjust the temperature accordingly. Furthermore, it’s advisable to purchase a timer that you can control the light output in the tank. Whilst it’s tempting to save money and do this manually, a timer will guarantee that your gecko receives the correct amount of light at all times and is happy and healthy in their tank.

For the recommended heat and light levels please click here.


Leopard Gecko HousingIt’s important that the humidity in your leopard gecko housing is kept at a consistent and healthy level (20-40% is recommended). The leopard gecko requires humidity to properly shed its skin and any issues with shedding can lead to various problems for your lizard. You can monitor humidity levels by investing in a hygrometer so you can identify whether you need to raise or lower the humidity. To raise the level of humidity in the tank you can give the gecko more water or mist the tank (particularly the moist hide) with water vapours. Alternatively, to lower the humidity you can create more space for warm air to leave the tank and cool air to flow in.


Choosing the right flooring for your leopard gecko housing is very important. Grainy substances such as sand can cause problems for your gecko because the lizard will eat the grains and be unable to digest them. Id’ recommend something hard like tiles or even a reptile carpet. Remember, you’re going to have to clean the tank regularly (weekly) and cleaning the substrate is a key part of this.

Leopard Gecko Housing Accessories

It’s nice for your leopard gecko to have some decorative accessories in its tank so it doesn’t get bored. However, it’s important to remember to sterilise anything you put into the tank before giving your gecko access to it. I’d also recommend using fake plants rather than real plants because some plants can be poisonousness to the leopard gecko.

Maintaining your leopard gecko housing isn’t too difficult to do once you’ve had a bit of practice and, using the information on this page, you’ll be able to ensure your gecko is a happy and healthy part of the family for many years to come.